Amoebiasis References Published in 1993

Back to References Page

Back to Entamoeba Homepage

Click here to go to the Reference Download page for a compressed EndNote file of these references.

First Letter of First Author's Last Name: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abd-Alla, M.D., Jackson, T.F.H.G., Gathiram, V., El-Hawey, A.M. & Ravdin, J.I. (1993) Differentiation of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica infections from nonpathogenic infections by detection of galactose inhibitable adherence protein antigen in sera and feces. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 2845-2850.

Abdelouafi, A., Ousehal, A., Adil, A. & Kadiri, R. (1993) [Percutaneous treatment of liver abscess. Apropos of 34 cases (in French)]. J Radiol 74: 341-346.

Abdelouafi, A., Ousehal, A., Ouzidane, L. & Kadiri, R. (1993) [Ultrasonography in the diagnosis of liver abscesses. Apropos of 32 cases (in French)]. Ann Radiol (Paris) 36: 286-292.

Aca, I.d.S., França, E., Jr., Nozaki, T., Freitas, G.B. & Tateno, S. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica zymodemes in children of Osasco, São Paulo. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. São Paulo 35: 581-582.

Acuna-Soto, R., Samuelson, J., de Girolami, P., Zarate, L., Millan-Velasco, F., Schoolnick, G. & Wirth, D. (1993) Application of the polymerase chain reaction to the epidemiology of pathogenic and nonpathogenic Entamoeba histolytica. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 48: 58-70.

Adal, K.A., Kress, K. & Petri, W.A., Jr. (1993) Determination of the pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica [Letter]. Clin. Infect. Dis. 16: 340.

Adams, S.A., Robson, S.C., Gathiram, V., Jackson, T.F.H.G., Pillay, T.S., Kirsch, R.E. & Makgoba, M.W. (1993) Immunological similarity between the 170 kD amoebic adherence glycoprotein and human 2 integrins. Lancet 341: 17-19.

Agarwal, P.K. (1993) Fine particulate movement: a new sonographic sign of hyperechoic hepatic abscess. Indian J Gastroenterol 12: 26-27.

Ahmed, I., Khan, M.A. & Sen, P.C. (1993) In vitro effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine on concanavilin A agglutinability and multiplication of Entamoeba histolytica. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 31: 285-287.

Aidara, A., Gentile, B., Rogier, C. & Wane, H. (1993) [Bacterial, viral and parasitic etiologies of acute infantile diarrhea in a rural Senegal (in French)]. Dakar Med. 38: 187-191.

Ajuwape, A.T.P. & Nottidge, H.O. (1993) Amoebiasis in a four-month old puppy: a case report. Trop. Vet. 11: 69-73.

Akiyama, T., Isozumi, M., Sekino, H., Kawakami, S., Abe, Y., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Irako, M. & al, e. (1993) [A case of amebic liver abscess (in Japanese)]. Nichidai Igagu Zasshi 52: 615-621.

Al-Ballaa, S., Al-Sekeit, M., Al-Balla, S., Al-Rashed, R., Al-Hedaith, Y.M. & Al-Mazrou, A. (1993) Prevalence of pathogenic intestinal parasites among preschool-children in Al-Medina district, Saudi-Arabia. Ann. Saudi Med. 13: 259-263.

Al-Freihi, H., Twum-Danso, K., Sohaibani, M., Bella, H., El-Mouzan, M. & Sama, K. (1993) The microbiology of acute diarrhoeal disease in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia. East Afr. Med. J. 70: 267-269.

Alouini, Z. (1993) [Fate of parasites in five wastewater treatment plants in Tunisia (in French)]. Rev Sci Eau 6: 453-462.

Alves, A.J., A.C.L., L., DeSantana, D.P., Beltrao, T.M., Coelho, M.R.D. & Gayral, P. (1993) Synthesis of some 4-oxo-delta(2)-thiazolin-2-ylhydrazones as potential antiprotozoal agents. Farmaco 48: 1167-1171.

Anand, B.S., Tuteja, A.K., Kaur, M., Alam, S.M., Aggarwal, D.S., Mehta, S.P. & Baveja, U.K. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica cyst passers: clinical profile and spontaneous eradication of infection. Dig. Dis. Sci. 38: 1825-1830.

Anand, V.K. & Patwari, A.K. (1993) Amebiasis in children. Indian Pediatr 30: 1373-1378.

Anderson, I.G., Prior, H.C., Rodwell, B.J. & Harris, G.O. (1993) Iridovirus-like virions in imported dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia) with systemic amoebiasis. Aust. Vet. J. 70: 66-67.

Anderson, M.D. & Oldfield, E.C., III (1993) Luminal agents for invasive amebiasis: nice or necessary? [Commentary]. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 88: 964-965.

Aoki, Y., Wambayi, E., Iwanaga, M., Makino, Y. & Maina, M.N. (1993) Parasitic pathogens associated with diarrhoea in Mombasa, Kenya. Trop Med 35: 11-16.

Atias, A. & Lorca, M. (1993) [Pathogenesis of amoebiasis: new approaches to an old problem (in Spanish)]. Parasitologia al Dia 17: 3-4.

Aucott, J.N. & Ravdin, J.I. (1993) Amebiasis and 'nonpathogenic' intestinal protozoa. Infect Dis Clinics 7: 467-485.

Avila, E.E. & Calderon, J. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites: a surface-associated cysteine protease. Exp. Parasitol. 76: 232-241.

Top of Reference List

Baek, S.Y., Lee, M.G., Cho, K.S., Lee, S.C., Sung, K.B. & Auh, Y.H. (1993) Therapeutic percutaneous aspiration of hepatic abscesses - effectiveness in 25 patients. Am. J. Roentgenol. 160: 799-802.

Bakker-Grunwald, T. & Parduhn, H. (1993) The Ca2+-ATPase activity of Entamoeba histolytica is exposed towards the medium and towards the lumen of intracellular vesicles. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 57: 167-170.

Bakker-Grunwald, T. & Wöstmann, C. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica as a model for the primitive eukaryotic cell. Parasitol. Today 9: 27-31.

Balci, I., Gungor, S., Berktas, M. & Sirmatel, F. (1993) [Amebiasis in and around Gaziantep, Turkey (in Turkish)]. Turkish J. Infect. 7: 95-98.

Banse, V., Gigi, J., Verstraeten, L. & Wauters, G. (1993) [Status of research on fecal parasites (in French)]. Acta Clin Belg 48: 307-315.

Bhopale, K.K., Pradhan, K.S., Phattankar, P.G., Masani, K.B. & Kaul, C.L. (1993) Activity of a new oxadiazole compound, against experimental infections with Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia in animal models. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 87: 169-178.

Boonyapisit, S., Chinapak, O. & Plengvanit, U. (1993) Amoebic liver abscess in Thailand, clinical analysis of 418 cases. J. Med .Assoc. Thai. 76: 243-246.

Bruchhaus, I., Leippe, M., Lioutas, C. & Tannich, E. (1993) Unusual gene organization in the parasitic protozoan Entamoeba histolytica. DNA Cell Biol 12: 925-933.

Bruchhaus, I. & Tannich, E. (1993) Analysis of the genomic sequence encoding the 29-kDa cysteine-rich protein of Entamoeba histolytica. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 44: 116-118.

Bruchhaus, I. & Tannich, E. (1993) Primary structure of the pyruvate phosphate dikinase in Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 62: 153-156.

Burchard, G.D. & Prange, G. (1993) Serum-independent and serum-dependent cytoadherence in the interaction of Entamoeba histolytica with mammalian target cells. Int. J. Parasitol. 23: 365-373.

Burchard, G.D., Prange, G. & Mirelman, D. (1993) Interaction between trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica and the human intestinal cell line HT-29 in the presence or absence of leukocytes. Parasitol. Res. 79: 140-145.

Burghelea, B. & Silard, R. (1993) Ultrastructural arguments for cytoplasmic engulfment phenomenon in nucleus of Entamoeba histolytica. Roum Arch Microbiol Immunol 52: 51-56.

Top of Reference List

Calvo-Méndez, C., Villagómez-Castro, J.C. & López-Romero, E. (1993) Ornithine decarboxylase activity in Entamoeba invadens. Int. J. Parasitol. 23: 847-852.

Calvo-Méndez, C., Villagómez-Castro, J.C. & López-Romero, E. (1993) Rapid loss of ornithine decarboxylase activity during encystation of Entamoeba invadens. FEMS Microbiol Letts 112: 131-134.

Campbell, S. (1993) Amebic brain abscess and meningoencephalis. Semin Neurol 13: 153-160.

Carroll, B., Dow, C., Snashall, D., Marshall, T. & Chiodini, P.L. (1993) Post-tropical screening: how useful is it? Br Med J 307: 541.

Cevallos, M.A., Porta, H., Alagón, A.C. & Lizardi, P.M. (1993) Sequence of the 5.8S ribosomal gene of pathogenic and non-pathogenic isolates of Entamoeba histolytica. Nucl. Acids Res. 21: 355.

Chen, J., Chen, W. & Zhong, X. (1993) Enzyme location and metabolism in Entamoeba histolytica. Chin Med Sci J 8: 250-254.

Cheng, X.-J., Tachibana, H., Kobayashi, S., Kaneda, Y. & Huang, M.-Y. (1993) Pathogenicity of Entamoeba histolytica isolates from Shanghai, China. Parasitol. Res. 79: 608-610.

Cieslak, P.R., Zhang, T.H. & Stanley, S.L. (1993) Expression of a recombinant Entamoeba histolytica antigen in a Salmonella typhimurium vaccine strain. Vaccine 11: 773-776.

Clark, C.G. (1993) PCR detection of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica and differentiation from other intestinal protozoa by riboprinting. In D. H. Persing, T. F. Smith, F. C. Tenover and T. J. White (Eds.), Diagnostic molecular microbiology. Principles and applications. Washington, D.C.: ASM Press, pp. 468-474.

Clark, C.G. (1993) Speciation and clonality in Entamoeba histolytica [Letter]. Parasitol. Today 9: 293.

Clark, C.G. & Diamond, L.S. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: a method for isolate identification. Exp. Parasitol. 77: 450-455.

Clark, C.G. & Diamond, L.S. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: an explanation for the reported conversion of "nonpathogenic" amebae to the "pathogenic" form. Exp. Parasitol. 77: 456-460.

Cotte, L., Rabdonirina, M., Pieno, M.A., Perreard, M., Mojon, M. & Trepo, C. (1993) Prevalence of intestinal protozoans in French patients infected with HIV. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 6: 1024-1029.

Crompton, D.W.T. & Savioli, L. (1993) Intestinal parasitic infections and urbanization. Bull. Wld. Hlth. Org. 71: 1-7.

Cultrera, R., Angelici, M.C., Sannella, A.R., Gramiccia, M. & Gradoni, L. (1993) [Use of a genomic probe for the identification of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites from xenic cultures (in Italian)]. Igiene Moderna 100: 240-248.

Top of Reference List

Das, P., Sengupta, K., Pal, S., Das, D. & Pal, S.C. (1993) Biochemical and immunological studies on soluble antigens of Entamoeba histolytica. Parasitol. Res. 79: 365-371.

Diamond, L.S. & Clark, C.G. (1993) A redescription of Entamoeba histolytica Schaudinn, 1903 (Emended Walker, 1911) separating it from Entamoeba dispar Brumpt, 1925. J. Euk. Microbiol. 40: 340-344.

Duong, T.H., Perret, J.L., Dufillot, D., Nguiri, C., Richardlenoble, D., Nguembymbina, C. & Kombila, M. (1993) [Evaluation of 3 tests for the immunological diagnosis of hepatic amebiasis in Gabon (in French)]. Ann. Soc. Belge Méd. Trop. 73: 261-266.

Top of Reference List

Eckert, J. (1993) [Carriers and excreters of protozoa (in German)]. Zbl. Hyg. 194: 173-185.

Edman, R. & Greenberg, Z. (1993) Intestinal parasitic infections in operation Solomon immigrants. Isr J Med Sci 29: 374-376.

El-Refaii, A.H. (1993) Entamoeba bovis Liebetanz 1905 recorded from large ruminants in Egypt. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol. 23: 239-245.

Top of Reference List

Fadiran, O.A., Dare, F.O., Jeje, E.A., Nwosu, S.O. & Oyero, T.O. (1993) Amoebic recto-vaginal fistula: a case report and review of literature. Cent Afr J Med 39: 172-175.

Farthing, M.J.G. (1993) Intestinal parasites. Baillière's Clin Gastroenterol 7: 333-364.

Flores, B.M., Batzer, M.A., Stein, M.A., Petersen, C., Diedrich, D.L. & Torian, B.E. (1993) Structural analysis and demonstration of the 29 kDa antigen of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica as the major accessible free thiol-containing surface protein. Mol. Microbiol. 7: 755-763.

Flores, B.M., Reed, S.L., Ravdin, J.I. & Torian, B.E. (1993) Serologic reactivity to purified recombinant and native 29-kilodalton peripheral membrane protein of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 1403-1407.

Flores-Abuxapqui, J.J., Suarez-Hoil, G.d.J., Puc-Franco, M.A., Heredia-Navarette, M.R. & Franco-Monsreal, J. (1993) [Prevalence of enteropathogens in children with watery diarrhea (in Spanish). Rev Latinoamer Microbiol 35: 351-356.

Flores-Romo, L., Bacon, K.B., Estrada-Garcia, T., Shibayama, M., Tsutsumi, V. & Martinez-Palomo, A. (1993) A fluorescence-based quantitative adhesion assay to study interactions between Entamoeba histolytica and human enterocytes. Effect of proinflammatory cytokines. J. Immunol. Methods 166: 243-250.

Födinger, M., Ortner, S., Plaimauer, B., Wiedermann, G., Scheiner, O. & Duchêne, M. (1993) Pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica: cDNA cloning of a histone H3 with a divergent primary structure. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 59: 315-322.

Fridas, S. & Tzallas, D. (1993) [Detection of IgG-Entamoeba histolytica in the inhabitants of the Prefecture of Serres (in Greek)]. Delt Ell Mikrobiol Etair 38: 577-585.

Top of Reference List

Garcia, L.S., Shimizu, R.Y., Shum, A. & Bruckner, D.A. (1993) Evaluation of intestinal protozoan morphology in polyvinyl alcohol preservative: comparison of zinc sulfate- and mercuric chloride-based compounds for use in Schaudinn's fixative. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 307-310.

Ghadirian, E. & Salimi, A. (1993) In vitro effect of recombinant interferon in combination with LPS on amoebicidal activity of murine Kupffer cells. Immunobiology 188: 203-219.

Giovagnoni, A., Gabrielli, O., Coppa, G.V., Paci, E., Catassi, C. & Giorgi, P. (1993) MRI appearances in amoebic granulomatous hepatitis: a case report. Pediatr Radiol 23: 536-537.

Gomes, M.A., Costa, A.O., Tafuri, W.L. & Silva, E.F. (1993) An attempt at reversibility and increase of the virulence of axenic strains of Entamoeba histolytica. Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. São Paulo 35: 503-508.

González-Garza, M.T., Matlin, S.A., Mata-Cárdenas, B.D. & Said-Fernández, S. (1993) Differential effects of the (+)- and (-)-Gossypol enantiomers upon Entamoeba histolytica axenic cultures. J Pharm Pharmacol 45: 144-145.

González-Garza, M.T., Matlin, S.A., Mata-Cárdenas, B.D. & Said-Fernández, S. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: inhibition of malic enzyme and alcohol dehydrogenase by (+/-)-, (+)-, and (-)- gossypol. Arch. Med. Res. 24: 183-187.

González-Ruiz, A., Miles, M.A. & Warhurst, D.C. (1993) Predictive value of diagnostic tests and prevalence of invasive Entamoeba histolytica infection [Letter]. J. Infect. Dis. 168: 513-514.

Guillén, N. (1993) Cell signalling and motility in Entamoeba histolytica. Parasitol. Today 9: 364-369.

Top of Reference List

Hamelmann, C., Foerster, B., Burchard, G.D., Shetty, N. & Horstmann, R.D. (1993) Induction of complement resistance in cloned pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica. Parasite Immunol. 15: 223-228.

Hamelmann, C., Urban, B., Foerster, B. & Horstmann, R.D. (1993) Complement resistance of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica mediated by trypsin-sensitive surface component(s). Infect. Immun. 61: 1636-1640.

Hansen, C.R. & Louw, P. (1993) [Fatal transmural colitis caused by Entamoeba histolytica. Differential diagnosis of chronic inflammatory bowel disease and colon cancer (in Danish)]. Ugeskr Laeger 155: 2901-2902.

Haque, R., Kress, K., Wood, S., Jackson, T.F.H.G., Lyerly, D., Wilkins, T. & Petri, W.A., Jr. (1993) Diagnosis of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica infection using a stool ELISA based on monoclonal antibodies to the galactose-specific adhesin. J. Infect. Dis. 167: 247-249.

Hasegawa, M. & Hashimoto, T. (1993) Ribosomal RNA trees misleading? [Letter]. Nature 361: 23.

Hasegawa, M., Hashimoto, T., Adachi, J., Iwabe, N. & Miyata, T. (1993) Early branchings in the evolution of eukaryotes: ancient divergence of Entamoeba that lacks mitochondria revealed by protein sequence data. J. Mol. Evol. 36: 380-388.

Top of Reference List

Ibrarullah, M.D., Aggarwal, D.K. & Kapoor, V.K. (1993) Ruptured amoebic liver abscess: changing trends in management. Trop Gastroenterol 14: 132-138.

Top of Reference List

Jalili, N.A. & Cervan, D. (1993) The parasitic infections of soldiers of a Division in the province of Baghlan (Afghanistan) recorded during 1988. Biologia 48: 615-618.

James, S.L. & Nacy, C. (1993) Effector functions of activated macrophages against parasites. Curr Opin Immunol 5: 518-523.

Jyothi, R., Foerster, B., Hamelmann, C. & Shetty, N.P. (1993) Improved method for the concentration and purification of faecal cysts of Entamoeba histolytica for use as antigen. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 96: 249-250.

Top of Reference List

Karanis, P., Schoenen, D., Maier, W. & Seitz, H.M. (1993) [Drinking water and parasites (in German)]. Immun Infekt 21: 132-136.

Kaur, S., Vohra, H., Wangoo, A., Ganguly, N.K. & Mahajan, R.C. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: identification of a major surface antigen in liver abscess pus using a monoclonal antibody. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 87: 489.

Kaushal, V., Bhasin, D., Sobti, R.C. & Vinayak, V.K. (1993) Detection of Entamoeba histolytica antigen in dissociated immune complexes as a specific probe for hepatic amoebiasis. Immunol. Infect. Dis. 3: 253-257.

Kchouk, M., Ghedas, K., Bouhaouala, M.H., Lamaout, A., Touibi, S., Khaldi, M. & Ben Rachid, M.S. (1993) [Amebic brain abscess. Apropos of a case. (in French)]. Ann Radiol (Paris) 36: 332-335.

Kelsall, B.L. & Ravdin, J.I. (1993) Degradation of human IgA by Entamoeba histolytica. J. Infect. Dis. 168: 1319-1322.

Kobayashi, S., Fonseca, R.A., Andrade, C.M., De Melo, V.M., Tachibana, H., Kaneko, N., Tateno, S. & Takeuchi, T. (1993) Seroepidemiologic studies on amoebiasis in Grand Recife, a possible endemic area of nonpathogenic Entamoeba histolytica, Pernambuco, Brazil. Jpn. J. Parasitol. 42: 484-492.

Köhler, S. & Tannich, E. (1993) A family of transcripts (K2) of Entamoeba histolytica contains polymorphic repetitive regions with highly conserved elements. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 59: 49-58.

Kovalenko, V.L., Mekhovshchikov, G.P. & Shkliaruk, M.V. (1993) [Giant amebic abscess of the liver (in Russian)]. Khirurgiia (Mosc) 1993: 79-80.

Kryönseppä, H. (1993) The occurrence of human intestinal parasites in Finland. Scand J Infect Dis 25: 671-673.

Top of Reference List

Lavdovskaia, M.V. (1993) [Parasitic diseases of the lungs (in Russian)]. Med. Parazit. (Moscow) 1993 (2): 43-50.

Le Foche, F., Mastropietro, C., Paffetti, A., Del Grosso, P., Summonti, D., Croce, G.F. & Rossi, F. (1993) [Intestinal amoebiasis and typhoid fever: "Overlap syndrome" (in Italian)]. G. Mal. Infett. 45: 1104-1105.

Leippe, M., Bahr, E., Tannich, E. & Horstmann, R.D. (1993) Comparison of pore-forming peptides from pathogenic and nonpathogenic Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 59: 101-110.

Leyva Leyva, M., Gariglio, P., Rangel, L.M., Valdés, J., Ayala, P. & Orozco, E. (1993) Expression of sequences related to c-myc in Entamoeba. Parasitol. Res. 79: 153-159.

Lin, J.Y., Keller, K. & Chadee, K. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica proteins modulate the respiratory burst potential by murine macrophages. Immunology 78: 291-297.

Lohia, A. & Samuelson, J. (1993) Cloning of the Eh cdc2 gene from Entamoeba histolytica encoding a protein kinase p34cdc2 homologue. Gene 127: 203-207.

Lohia, A. & Samuelson, J. (1993) Molecular cloning of a rho family gene of Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 58: 177-180.

Loiseau, P.M., Rekik, L., Madaule, Y., Gayral, P. & Wolf, J.G. (1993) Design, synthesis and biological study of new antiparsitic spiroarsoranes. Arzn Forsch 43: 1010-1013.

López-Revilla, R., Canto-Ortiz, L., Jiménez-Delgadillo, B. & Chávez-Dueñas, L. (1993) Proteinases resistant to sodium dodecyl sulfate-induced autoproteolysis of Entamoeba histolytica HK-9 trophozoites. Parasitol. Res. 79: 168-171.

López-Romero, E. & Villagómez-Castro, J.C. (1993) Encystation in Entamoeba invadens. Parasitol. Today 9: 225-227.

Lotter, H., Mannweiler, E. & Tannich, E. (1993) Crude or recombinant proteins applied to latex agglutination, complement-fixation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for the serodiagnosis of invasive amebiasis. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 44: 277-280.

Luaces, A.L., Osorio, L.M. & Barrett, A.J. (1993) A new test for infection by Entamoeba histolytica. Parasitol. Today 9: 69-71.

Top of Reference List

Magana-Garcia, M. & Arista-Viveros, A. (1993) Cutaneous amebiasis in children. Ped Dermatol 10: 352-355.

Magaro, H.M., Biasoli, M.S., Thomas, C.E., Echenique, C.G., Tosello, M.E. & Bracalenti, B.J.C. (1993) [Aspects of the human gastrointestinal ecosystem and killer yeasts (in Spanish)]. Rev Iberoam Micol 10: 47-50.

Malhotra, O.P., Bhatia, B., Karak, P.K. & Gupta, R. (1993) Amoebic liver abscess - an unusual presentation [Letter]. J Assoc Phys India 41: 543-544.

Mangali, A., Sasabone, P., Syafruddin, Abadi, K., Hasegawa, H., Toma, T., Kamimura, K. & Miyagi, I. (1993) Intestinal parasitic infections in Campalagian Region, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. S. E. Asian J. Trop. Med. Publ. Hlth. 24: 313-320.

Mann, B.J., Chung, C.Y., Dodson, J.M., Ashley, L.S., Braga, L.L. & Snodgrass, T.L. (1993) Neutralizing monoclonal antibody epitopes of the Entamoeba histolytica galactose adhesin map to the cysteine-rich extracellular domain of the 170-kilodalton subunit. Infect. Immun. 61: 1772-1778.

Márquez Monter, H., Ochoa Rivera, E. & Olivos, A. (1993) Genetic polymorphism of Entamoeba histolytica: variation in adhesion and phagocytosis in a virulent strain. Patología 31: 27-30.

Márquez Monter, H., Olivos, A. & Montfort, I. (1993) Old tools for modern research in amebiasis. Patología 31: 197-199.

Marti, H. & Koella, J.C. (1993) Multiple stool examinations for ova and parasites and rate of false-negative results. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 3044-3045.

Martin, J.-B., Bakker-Grunwald, T. & Klein, G. (1993) 31P-NMR analysis of Entamoeba histolytica - occurrence of high amounts of two inositol phosphates. Eur. J. Biochem. 214: 711-718.

Martínez-Palomo, A. (1993) Parasitic amebas of the intestinal tract. In J. P. Kreier and J. R. Baker (Eds.), Parasitic protozoa. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, pp. 65-141.

McCoy, J.J., Mann, B.J., Vedvick, T.S., Pak, Y., Heimark, D.B. & Petri, W.A., Jr. (1993) Structural analysis of the light subunit of the Entamoeba histolytica galactose-specific adherence lectin. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 24223-24231.

McCoy, J.J., Mann, B.J., Vedvick, T.S. & Petri, W.A., Jr. (1993) Sequence analysis of genes encoding the light subunit of the Entamoeba histolytica galactose-specific adhesin. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 61: 325-328.

McKerrow, J.H., Sun, G., Rosenthal, P.J. & Bouvier, J. (1993) The proteases and pathogenicity of parasitic protozoa. Ann. Rev. Microbiol. 47: 821-853.

Mehlotra, R.K. (1993) Surface properties, pathogenicity and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica [Letter]. Parasitol. Today 9: 216.

Melhotra, R.K. (1993) Cultivation, encystation and excystation of Entamoeba histolytica: present status and future prospects. Biological Memoirs 19: 57-84.

Meloni, B.P., Thompson, R.C.A., Hopkins, R.M., Reynoldson, J.A. & Gracey, M. (1993) The prevalence of Giardia and other intestinal parasites in children, dogs and cats from Aboriginal communities in the Kimberley. Med. J. Aust. 158: 157-159.

Mertens, E. (1993) ATP versus pyrophosphate: glycolysis revisited in parasitic protists. Parasitol. Today 9: 122-126.

Mohan, C., Singh, B. & Anand, A.C. (1993) Ruptured amoebic liver abscess: an unusual presentation. J Assoc Phys India 41: 614.

Montfort, I., Olivos, A. & Pérez-Tamayo, R. (1993) Phagocytosis and proteinase activity are not related to pathogenicity of E. histolytica. Parasitol. Res. 79: 160-162.

Montfort, I., Pérez-Montfort, R., González Canto, A., García de León, M.d.C., Olivos, A. & Tello, E. (1993) Role of cysteine proteinases of Entamoeba histolytica on the cytopathogenicity of axenic trophozoites on rat and hamster hepatocytes in vitro. J. Parasitol. 79: 98-105.

Mora-Galindo, J. & Anaya-Velazquez, F. (1993) Intracellular digestion of human erythrocytes by Entamoeba histolytica: a kinetic study in vitro. Arch. Med. Res. 24: 347-351.

Mujahid, S., Ahmed, A. & Siddiqui, M.N. (1993) Amoebic splenic abscess. Trop Doct 23: 136-138.

Mukherjee, R.M., Bhol, K.C., Mehra, S., Maitra, T.K. & Jalan, K.N. (1993) Zymodeme alteration of Entamoeba histolytica isolates under varying conditions. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 87: 490-491.

Mukherjee, R.M., Maitra, T.K., Haldar, D.P. & Jalan, K.N. (1993) Adherence of Entamoeba histolytica to hydrophobic matrices: a simple method for measuring cell surface hydrophobicity. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 87: 492-493.

Myklebust, G., Barstad, J. & Brabrand, K. (1993) [Abdominal tuberculosis and amebic abscess. Simultaneous diagnosis of 2 rare infections of same localization (in Norwegian)]. Tidss. Nor. Laegeforen. 113: 1064-1065.

Top of Reference List

N'Gbesso, R., Keita, K. & Djedje, A.T. (1993) [Indication for percutaneous aspiration of amebic liver-abscesses - 228 patients (in French)]. J Radiol 74: 575-580.

Naik, S. (1993) Newer stool based diagnostic tests in infectious diseases: possibilities and pitfalls [Editorial Comment]. Indian J Gastroenterol 12: 71-74.

Navarro-García, F., López-Revilla, R. & Tsutsumi, V. (1993) Dose- and time-dependent functional and structural damage to the colon mucosa by Entamoeba histolytica trophozoite lysates. Parasitol. Res. 79: 517-522.

Navarro-García, F., López-Revilla, R., Tsutsumi, V. & Reyes, J.L. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: electrophysiologic and morphologic effects of trophozoite lysates on rabbit colon. Exp. Parasitol. 77: 162-169.

Nayeem, M.A. & Habibullah, C.M. (1993) A comparative study of different isolated fractions of Entamoeba histolytica in amoebic liver abscess. Trop Gastroenterol 14: 144-147.

Nayeem, M.A. & Habibullah, C.M. (1993) Correlation between antiamoebic IgG and autoreactive anti-IgG in amoebic liver abscess cases. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 31: 399-400.

Nayeem, M.A. & Habibullah, C.M. (1993) Correlation between membrane glycoprotein and detergent dissected membrane protein in the assessment of LMIF: a report of 51 ALA cases. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 36: 260-264.

Nayeem, M.A. & Habibullah, C.M. (1993) Detection of sialic acid in trophozoites of Entamoeba histolytica (NIH:200). Indian J. Med. Res.-A 97: 115-117.

Nayeem, M.A. & Habibullah, C.M. (1993) Recognition of Entamoeba histolytica in liver abscess cases through their specific antiamoebic antibodies. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 31: 476-477.

Nayeem, M.A., Habibullah, C.M., Saleem, Y., Quadri, G.S.A. & Ishaq, M. (1993) In vitro encystation and excystation of Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites. Indian J. Exp. Biol. 31: 562-563.

Nazir, Z. & Moazem, F. (1993) Amebic liver-abscess in children. Ped Infect Dis J 12: 929-932.

Top of Reference List

Ogubunde, P.O.J. & Baer, H.P. (1993) Nucleoside transport in parasites: current status and methodological aspects. Int J Biochem 25: 471-477.

Okuzawa, E., Kobayashi, S. & Takeuchi, T. (1993) [Evaluation of a commercial kit of indirect hemagglutination test for sero-diagnosis of amoebiasis (in Japanese)]. Jpn. J. Parasitol. 42: 227-233.

Orozco, E., Báez-Camargo, M., Gamboa, L., Flores, E., Valdés, J. & Hernández, F. (1993) Molecular karyotype of related clones of Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 59: 29-40.

Orozco, E., Lazard, D., Sanchez, T., Sanchez, M.-A., Hernandez, R. & Silva, E.-F. (1993) A variable DNA region of Entamoeba histolytica is expressed in several transcripts which differ in genetically related clones. Mol. Gen. Genet. 241: 271-279.

Othman, N.H. & Ismail, A.N. (1993) Endometrial amebiasis. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 52: 135-137.

Özgüven, M., Alper, A., Karaeren, N., Öztürk, E., Narin, Y., Günalp, B. & Bayhan, H. (1993) Scintographic detection of a pleuro-biliary fistula. Post-operative complication of an amebic liver abscess. Clin. Nucl. Med. 18: 343-345.

Top of Reference List

Pantoja Soto, G. & Alarcon Ginori, A. (1993) [Evaluation of quinfamide in the one-day amebicide treatment (in Spanish)]. Invest. Med. Internacional 20: 3-6.

Pargal, A., Kelkar, M.G., Bhopale, K.K., Phaltankar, P.G. & Kaul, C.L. (1993) Pharmacokinetics and amoebicidal activity of racemic-(E)-3-(4-methylsulphinylstyryl)-1,2,4-oxadiazole (BTI 2286E) and its sulphone metabolite (BTI 2571E) in the golden hamster, Mesocricetus auratus. J Antimicrob Chemother 32: 109-115.

Pargal, A., Rao, C., Bhopale, K.K., Pradhan, K.S., Masani, K.B. & Kaul, C.L. (1993) Comparative pharmacokinetics and amoebicidal activity of metronidazole and satranidazole in the golden hamster, Mesocricetus auratus. J Antimicrob Chemother 32: 483-489.

Parija, S.C. (1993) Recent trends in the diagnosis of amoebiasis. J Assoc Phys India 41: 383-385.

Parthasarathy, P.C., Ananthan, L., Likhate, M.A., Manjunatha, S.G. & Kalyanam, N. (1993) Studies on anti-amoebic compounds. 5. Synthesis of dichloromethanesulphonamides. Eur. J. Med. Chem. 28: 195-199.

Patterson, K.D. (1993) Amebic dysentery. In K. F. Kiple (Eds.), The Cambridge world history of human disease. Cambridge, England and New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, pp. 568-570.

Pays, J.-F. (1993) Entamoeba dispar? [Letter]. Parasitol. Today 9: 292.

Peng, H.W., Chao, H.L. & Fan, P.C. (1993) Imported Opisthorchis viverrini and parasite infections from Thai labourers in Taiwan. J Helminthol 67: 102-106.

Petri, W.A., Jr., Clark, C.G., Braga, L.L. & Mann, B.J. (1993) International seminar on amebiasis. Parasitol. Today 9: 73-76.

Petri, W.A., Jr., Haque, R., Kress, K., Wood, S., Wilkins, T., Jackson, T.F.H.G. & Lyerly, D. (1993) Predictive value of diagnostic tests and prevalence of invasive Entamoeba histolytica infection - reply [Letter]. J. Infect. Dis. 168: 514-515.

Petri, W.A., Jr. & Mann, B.J. (1993) Molecular mechanisms of invasion by Entamoeba histolytica. Seminars Cell Biol 4: 305-313.

Petter, R., Rozenblatt, S., Schechtman, D., Wellems, T.E. & Mirelman, D. (1993) Electrophoretic karyotype and chromosome assignments for a pathogenic and a nonpathogenic strain of Entamoeba histolytica. Infect. Immun. 61: 3574-3577.

Plaimauer, B., Ortner, S., Wiedermann, G., Scheiner, O. & Duchêne, M. (1993) Molecular characterization of the cDNA coding for translation elongation factor-2 of pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica. DNA Cell Biol 12: 89-96.

Prasad, J., Bhattacharya, S. & Bhattacharya, A. (1993) The calcium binding protein of Entamoeba histolytica: expression in Escherichia coli and immunochemical characterization. Cell. Mol. Biol. Res. 39: 167-175.

Prospéri, M.-T., Ferbus, D., Karczinski, I. & Goubin, G. (1993) A human cDNA corresponding to a gene overexpressed during cell proliferation encodes a product sharing homology with amoebic and bacterial proteins. J. Biol. Chem. 268: 11050-11056.

Purdy, J.E., Mann, B.J., Shigart, E.C. & Petri, W.A., Jr. (1993) Analysis of the gene family encoding the Entamoeba histolytica galactose-specific adhesin 170-kDa subunit. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 62: 53-60.

Top of Reference List

Que, X., Samuelson, J. & Reed, S. (1993) Molecular cloning of a rac family protein kinase and identification of a serine/threonine protein kinase gene family of Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 60: 161-170.

Top of Reference List

Rahim, Z., Raymond-Denise, A., Sansonetti, P. & Guíllen, N. (1993) Localization of myosin heavy chain A in the human pathogen Entamoeba histolytica. Infect. Immun. 61: 1048-1054.

Ramachandran, S., Bhattacharya, A. & Bhattacharya, S. (1993) Nucleotide sequence analysis of the rRNA transcription unit of a pathogenic Entamoeba histolytica strain HM-1:IMSS. Nucl. Acids Res. 21: 2011.

Ramani, A., Ramani, R., Kumar, M.S., Lakhkar, B.N. & Kundaje, G.N. (1993) Ultrasound-guided needle aspiration of amoebic liver abscess. Postgrad. Med. J. 69: 381-383.

Rana, T.A., Hameed, T. & Rao, N. (1993) Cerebral amoebiasis. J. Pak. Med. Assoc. 43: 78-80.

Ravdin, J.I., Shain, D.C. & Kelsall, B.L. (1993) Antigenicity, immunogenicity and vaccine efficacy of the galactose-specific adherence protein of Entamoeba histolytica. Vaccine 11: 241-246.

Raymond-Denise, A., Sansonetti, P. & Guillén, N. (1993) Identification and characterization of a myosin heavy chain gene (mhc A) from the human parasitic pathogen Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 59: 123-132.

Reed, S., Bouvier, J., Sikes Pollack, A., Engel, J.C., Brown, M., Hirata, K., Que, X., Eakin, A., Hagblom, P., Gillin, F. & McKerrow, J.H. (1993) Cloning of a virulence factor of Entamoeba histolytica. Pathogenic strains possess a unique cysteine proteinase gene. J. Clin. Invest. 91: 1532-1540.

Top of Reference List

Saha, S.S., Behl, J.P., Sharma, J.K. & Kumar, A. (1993) Distribution of intestinal parasitic infection in rural area of District Darjeeling, West Bengal. J Commun Dis 25: 41-42.

Saha, S.S., Behl, J.P., Sharma, J.K. & Kumar, A. (1993) Distribution of intestinal parasitic infections in selected areas of District Puri, Orissa (India). J Commun Dis 25: 86-87.

Said-Fernández, S., Mata-Cárdenas, B.D., González-Garza, M.T., Navarro-Marmolejo, L. & Rodriguez-Pérez, E. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica cysts with a defective wall formed under axenic conditions. Parasitol. Res. 79: 200-203.

Sakai, Y. (1993) [Etiology and treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases. 8. Amebic colitis (Review; in Japanese)]. Nippon Naika Gakkai Zasshi 82: 693-696.

Salimi, A. & Ghadirian, E. (1993) Effect of recombinant tumor necrosis factor- on in vitro amoebicidal activity of murine kupffer cells. Microb. Pathog. 14: 261-274.

Samaha, H.A., El Gohary, A.H. & Draz, A.A. (1993) Toxoplasmosis, balantidiasis and amebiasis among zoo-animals and man. Assiut Vet. Med. J. 29: 129-135.

Sargeaunt, P.G. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: a question answered. Trop. Dis. Bull. 90: R1-R3.

Sehgal, D., Bhattacharya, A. & Bhattacharya, S. (1993) Analysis of a polymorphic locus present upstream of rDNA transcription units in the extrachromosomal circle of Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 62: 129-130.

Sengupta, K., Das, P., Johnson, T.M., Chaudhuri, P.P., Das, D. & Nair, G.B. (1993) Production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies against a highly immunogenic fraction of Entamoeba histolytica (NIH:200) and their application in the detection of current amoebic infection. J. Euk. Microbiol. 40: 722-726.

Sharma, A. (1993) Use of a high molecular weight Entamoeba histolytica antigen fraction in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and thin layer immunoassay tests. Int. Arch. Allergy Immunol. 100: 338-343.

Sharma, M.P. & Dasarathy, S. (1993) Amoebic liver abscess. Trop Gastroenterol 14: 3-9.

Sharma, O.P. & Maheshwari, A. (1993) Lung diseases in the tropics. Part 2: Common tropical lung diseases: diagnosis and management [Review]. Tuberc Lung Dis 74: 359-370.

Sogin, M.L., Hinkle, G. & Leipe, D.D. (1993) Universal tree of life [Letter]. Nature 362: 795.

Spice, W.M. & Ackers, J.P. (1993) Influence of bacteria on electrophoretic proteinase patterns of Entamoeba histolytica isolates. Int. J. Parasitol. 23: 671-674.

Spice, W.M., Cruz-Reyes, J.A. & Ackers, J.P. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica. In S. Myint and A. Cann (Eds.), Molecular and cell biology of human diseases, 2. Molecular and cell biology of opportunistic infections in AIDS. London, England and New York, NY: Chapman and Hall, pp. 95-137.

Srivastava, M., Habibullah, C.M. & Das, S.R. (1993) Isoenzyme pattern of clones of Entamoeba histolytica. Indian J. Med. Res.-A 97: 179-181.

Stanley, S.L., Jr. & Virgin, H.W., IV (1993) SCID mice as models for parasitic infections. Parasitol. Today 9: 406-411.

Stockem, W. & Christofidou-Solomidou, M. (1993) Food uptake and digestion in amoebae. In H. Plattner (Eds.), Advances in cell and molecular biology of membranes. Volume 2. Membrane traffic in protozoa. Part B. Greenwich, CT, USA and London, England, UK: JAI Press, pp. 371-407.

Stuiver, P.C. & Visser, L.G. (1993) [Ameboma of the large intestine and rectum (in Dutch)]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd 137: 2328-2331.

Top of Reference List

Taher-uz-Zaman, Habibullah, C.M. & Saleem, Y. (1993) Decreased adenosine deaminase activity in peripheral lymphocytes of patients suffering from amebic liver abscess. Arch. Med. Res. 24: 203-204.

Tall, F.R., Hien, F., Curtis, V., Cousens, S., Mertens, T., Rocherau, A., Chiron, J.P., Soula, G., Traore, E. & Megraud, F. (1993) [Childrens diarrheic diseases (in French)]. Bull Soc Pathol Exot 86: 473-475.

Thammapalerd, N., Tharavanij, S. & Wattanagoon, Y. (1993) Axenic cultivation of Entamoeba histolytica from liver abscess and its zymodeme. S. E. Asian J. Trop. Med. Publ. Hlth. 24: 480-483.

Thorsen, S., Rønne-Rasmussen, J., Petersen, E., Isager, H., Seefeldt, T. & Mathiesen, L. (1993) Extra-intestinal amebiasis in a non-endemic setting. Scand J Infect Dis 25: 747-750.

Tibayrenc, M. (1993) Entamoeba, Giardia and Toxoplasma: clones or cryptic species? Parasitol. Today 9: 102-105.

Tibayrenc, M. (1993) Speciation and clonality in Entamoeba histolytica - reply [Letter]. Parasitol. Today 9: 293.

Tokuyama, H., Higashi, F., Tamaki, H., Kunishoh, T., Tamaki, Y., Kawai, J., Sakatsuji, K., Itoh, H., Nakayama, T. & Nishioka, S. (1993) [A case of amebic liver abscess with colonic carcinoma (in Japanese)]. Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 90: 62-66.

Top of Reference List

Vargas, M.A. & Orozco, E. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: changes in the zymodeme of cloned nonpathogenic trophozoites cultured under different conditions. Parasitol. Res. 79: 353-356.

Vinayak, V.K., Kumar, P., Punj, V., Vashist, N., Kanwar, J.R., Bhasin, D.K. & Singh, K. (1993) Detection of Entamoeba histolytica antigens in stool. Indian J Gastroenterol 12: 77-79.

Vohra, H. (1993) Inhibition of target cell adhesion by monoclonal antibody to the 66kd surface antigen of Entamoeba histolytica (Vol 20, Pg 279, 1992 [Correction]). Infection 21: 60.

Voller, A. (1993) Immunoassays for tropical parasitic infections. Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg. 87: 497-498.

Vrchotová, N., Ditrich, O. & Giboda, M. (1993) Change of isoenzyme pattern during long-term polyxenic cultivation of Entamoeba histolytica. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 68: 67-69.

Top of Reference List

Weibel, R. (1993) [Febrile status in a traveller returning from the tropics with right-sided upper abdominal pain (in German)]. Schweiz. Rundsch. Med. Prax. 82: 144-148.

Williams, A.G. & Lloyd, D. (1993) Biological activities of symbiotic and parasitic protozoa and fungi in low-oxygen environments. In J. G. Jones (Eds.), Advances in Microbiology. New York, NY: Plenum Press, pp. 211-262.

Wright, C.W., Anderson, M.M., Allen, D., Phillipson, J.D., Kirby, G.C., Warhurst, D.C. & Chang, H.R. (1993) Quassinoids exhibit greater selectivity against Plasmodium falciparum than against Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia intestinalis or Toxoplasma gondii in vitro. J. Euk. Microbiol. 40: 244-246.

Top of Reference List

Ximénez, C., Leyva, O., Morán, P., Ramos, F., Melendro, E.I., Ramiro, M., Martinez, M.C., Muñoz, O., Kretschmer, R. & Arellano, J. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: antibody response to recent and past invasive events. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. 87: 31-39.

Top of Reference List

Yokoyama, Y., Yoshida, Y., Hayashi, T., Tsuyuguchi, T., Umibe, S., Wada, M., Kinugasa, A., Sawada, K., Kano, M. & Shimoyama, T. (1993) Increased levels of CA19-9 in the pus of amebic liver abscess [letter]. Am. J. Gastroenterol. 88: 618-619.

Yoo, H.M., Kim, W.H., Shin, S.K., Chun, W.H., Kang, J.K. & Park, I.S. (1993) The changing patterns of liver abscess during the past 20 years: a study of 482 cases. Yonsei Med J 34: 340-351.

Top of Reference List

Zhang, W.-W. & Samuelson, J. (1993) The cDNA sequence of an abundant Entamoeba histolytica 20-kilodalton protein containing four repetitive domains. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 60: 323-326.

Zhang, W.-W. & Samuelson, J. (1993) Molecular cloning of the gene for a novel ABC superfamily transporter of Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 62: 131-134.

Zhang, Y., Li, E. & Stanley, S.L., Jr. (1993) Entamoeba histolytica: the EHZc3 cDNA clone encodes a zinc-binding protein. Exp. Parasitol. 77: 118-120.

Top of Reference List