Amoebiasis References Published in 2003

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Aguirre-García, M.M., Anaya-Ruiz, M. & Talamás-Rohana, P. (2003) Membrane-bound acid phosphatase (MAP) from Entamoeba histolytica has phosphotyrosine phosphatase activity and disrupts the actin cytoskeleton of host cells. Parasitology 126: 195-202.

Ali, I.K.M., Hossain, M.B.,Roy, S., Ayeh-Kumi, P.F., Petri Jr, W.A., Haque, R. & Clark, C.G. (2003) Entamoeba moshkovskii infections in children, Bangladesh. Emerg. Infect. Dis., 9: 580-584.

Ali, V., Shigeta, Y. & Nozaki, T. (2003) Molecular and structural characterization of NADPH-dependent D-glycerate dehydrogenase from the enteric parasitic protist Entamoeba histolytica. Biochem. J., 375: 729-736.

Amarapurkar, D.N., Patel, N. & Amarapurkar, A.D. 2003. Amoebic liver abscess. J. Hepatol. 39: 291-292.

Andrä, J., Herbst, R. & Leippe, M. (2003) Amoebapores, archaic effector peptides of protozoan origin, are discharged into phagosomes and kill bacteria by permeabilizing their membranes. Dev. Comp. Immunol. 27: 291-304.

Arya, R., Mehra, A., Bhattacharya, S., Vishwakarma, R.A. & Bhattacharya, A. (2003) Biosynthesis of Entamoeba histolytica proteophosphoglycan in vitro. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 126: 1-8.

Atreya, H.S., Mukherjee, S., Chary, K.V., Lee, Y.M. & Luchinat, C. (2003) Structural basis for sequential displacement of Ca2+ by Yb3+ in a protozoan EF-hand calcium binding protein. Protein Sci. 12: 412-425.

Banerjee, S. & Lohia, A. (2003) Molecular analysis of repetitive DNA elements from Entamoeba histolytica, which encode small RNAs and contain matrix/scaffold attachment recognition sequences. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 126: 35-42.

Baudat, V., Kissling, S. & Lamy, O. (2003) [Liver abscess: a practical approach (in French)]. Schweiz. Rundsch. Med. Prax., 92: 1740-1743.

Bharti, S.N., Naqvi, F. & Azam, A. (2003) Synthesis, spectral studies and screening for amoebicidal activity of new palladium(II) complexes derived from thiophene-2-carboxaldehyde thiosemicarbazones. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett., 13: 689-692.

Blessmann, J., Le Van, A. & Tannich, E. (2003) Hepatic ultrasound in a population with high incidence of invasive amoebiasis: evidence for subclinical, self-limited amoebic liver abscesses. Trop. Med. Int. Health 8: 231-233.

Blessmann, J., Ali, I.K.M., Ton Nu, P.A., Dinh, B.T., Ngo Viet, T.Q., Le Van, A., Clark, C.G. & Tannich, E. 2003. Longitudinal study of intestinal Entamoeba histolytica infections in asymptomatic adult carriers. J. Clin. Microbiol., 41: 4745-4750.

Blessmann, J., Binh, H.D., Hung, D.M., Tannich, E. & Burchard, G. (2003) Treatment of amoebic liver abscess with metronidazole alone or in combination with ultrasound-guided needle aspiration: a comparative, prospective and randomized study. Trop. Med. Int. Health, 8: 1030-1034.

Bouratbine, A., Maamouri, N., Ben Abdallah, R.R., Aoun, K., Haouet, S., Boubaker, J., Ben Jilani, S., Ghorbel, A.J., Najjar, T. & Ben Ammar, A. 2003. [Epidemiological, clinical and parasitic data concerning intestinal amoebiasis in Northern Tunisia (in French)]. Tunisie Medicale 81: 318-322.

Bracha, R., Nuchamowitz, Y. & Mirelman, D. (2003) Transcriptional silencing of an amoebapore gene in Entamoeba histolytica: molecular analysis and effect on pathogenicity. Eukaryot. Cell, 2: 295-305.

Bruhn, H., Riekens, B., Berninghausen, O. & Leippe, M. (2003) Amoebapores and NK-lysin, members of a class of structurally distinct antimicrobial and cytolytic peptides from protozoa and mammals: a comparative functional analysis. Biochem. J., 375: 737-744.

Bruno, G., Cararozzolo, E., Massani, M., Bonariol, L., Recordare, A., Antoniutti, M., Callegari, P. & Bassi, N. (2003) Supra infection of amoebic liver abscess consequent to acute appendicitis. Clinical case. Minerva Chir., 58: 257-259.

Bukhari, A.J. (2003) Ruptured amebic liver abscess. J. Coll. Physicians Surg. Pak., 13: 159-160.

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Calzada, F., Velazquez, C., Cedillo-Rivera, R. & Esquivel, B. 2003. Antiprotozoal activity of the constituents of Teloxys graveolens. Phytother. Res. 17: 731-732.

Celik, T., Atambay, M. & Daldal, N. (2003) [Distribution of intestinal protozoa in diarrheic cases in Malatya< style='mso-bookmark:A'> (in Turkish)]. Türk. Parazitol. Derg., 27: 129-132.

Chattopadhyay, A. (2003) Necrotizing amebic colitis: the plea for an early diagnosis. Pediatr. Surg. Int., 19: 615.

Chavez-Munguia, B., Cristobal-Ramos, A.R., Gonzalez-Robles, A., Tsutsumi, V. & Martinez-Palomo, A. (2003) Ultrastructural study of Entamoeba invadens encystation and excystation. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. Pathol., 35: 235-243.

Chavez-Rios, R., Arias-Romero, L.E., Almaraz-Barrera, M.d.J., Hernandez-Rivas, R., Guillen, N. & Vargas, M. (2003) L10 ribosomal protein from Entamoeba histolytica share structural and functional homologies with QM/Jif-1: proteins with extraribosomal functions. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol., 127: 151-160.

Collins, L. J., Poole, A. M. & Penny, D. (2003) Using ancestral sequences to uncover potential gene homologues. Appl. Bioinformatics 2: S85-S95.

Cornejo Juarez, P. & Aviles-Salas, A. 2003. [Vulvar amebiasis. A case report and literature review (in Spanish)]. Ginecol. Obstetr. Mexico 71:71-74.

Croft, S.L., Seifert, K. & Duchêne, M. (2003) Antiprotozoal activities of phospholipid analogues. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol. 126: 165-172.

Cruz-Vera, J., Clara, L., Hernandez-Kelly, R., Alfredo Mendez, J., Perez-Salazar, E. & Ortega, A. (2003) Collagen-induced STAT family members activation in Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites. FEMS Microbiol. Lett., 229: 203-209.

Dacks, J.B., Davis, L.A., Sjogren, A.M., Andersson, J.O., Roger, A.J. & Doolittle, W.F. (2003) Evidence for Golgi bodies in proposed 'Golgi-lacking' lineages. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci., 270: S168-S171.

Dagci, H., Balcioglu, I.C., Ertabaklar, H., Kurt, O. & Atambay, M. (2003) Effectiveness of peptone-yeast extract (P-Y) medium in the cultivation and isolation of Entamoeba histolytica/Entamoeba dispar in Turkish patients. Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. 45: 127-130.

Davis, P.H. & Stanley Jr, S.L. (2003) Breaking the species barrier: use of SCID mouse-human chimeras for the study of human infectious diseases. Cell. Microbiol., 5: 849-860.

De Cuyper, K., Vanhauwaert, H., Crape, A. & Hiele, M. 2003. [Entamebic colitis: The importance of repetitive microscopic stool examinations to diagnose an uncommon type of chronic diarrhea (in Dutch)]. Tijds. Geneeskde. 59: 725-731.

Dey, I., Keller, K., Belley, A. & Chadee, K. (2003) Identification and characterization of a cyclooxygenase-like enzyme from Entamoeba histolytica. Proc Natl. Acad. Sci. USA., 100: 13561-13566.

Diallo, Y., Coulibaly, A., Guindo, I., Berthe, M., Coulibaly, A., Lopez, P.L., Konate, D. & Tembely, A. (2003) [Prevalence of intestinal parasitoses in the Yanfolila circle: cases presenting at the health centre of Yanfolila between June 2001 and August 2002 (in French)]. Méd. Afr. Noire, 50: 133-135.

Diaz, E., Mondragon, J., Ramirez, E. & Bernal, R. 2003. Epidemiology and control of intestinal parasites with nitazoxanide in children in Mexico. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 68: 384-385.

Dinleyici, E.C., Dogan, N., Ucar, B. & Ilhan, H. (2003) Strongyloidiasis associated with amebiasis and giardiaisis in an immunocompetent boy presented with acute abdomen. Korean J. Parasitol., 41: 239-242.

Djossou, F., Malvy, D., Tamboura, M., Beylot, J., Lamouliatte, H., Longy-Boursier, M. & le Bras, M. (2003) [Amoebic liver abscess. Study of 20 cases with literature review (in French)]. Rev. Méd. Interne, 24: 97-106.

Duggal, P., Haque, R., Roy, S., Mondal, D., Sack, R.B., Farr, B.M., Beaty, T.H. & Petri Jr, W.A. (2004) Influence of human leukocyte antigen class II alleles on susceptibility to Entamoeba histolytica infection in Bangladeshi children. J. Infect. Dis., 189: 520-526.

Eichenlaub, D. & Eichenlaub, S. 2003. Parasites: Diagnosis and symptoms. Part 2: Intestinal, tissue, organ and skin parasites. Internist 44: 449-472.

Elnekave, K., Siman-Tov, R. & Ankri, S. (2003) Consumption of L-arginine mediated by Entamoeba histolytica L-arginase (EhArg) inhibits amoebicidal activity and nitric oxide production by activated macrophages. Parasite Immunol. 25: 597-608.

Erdem, H., Kilic, S., Cinar, E. & Pahsa, A. (2003) Symptomatic intestinal amoebiasis and climatic parameters. Scand. J. Infect. Dis., 35: 186-188.

Estrada, R.A., Santa-Coloma, J.N., Chavez, M.d.G. & Chavez, G.E. (2004) Amoebiasis cutis. Skinmed., 3: 51-53.

Faulkner, C.T., Garcia, B.B., Logan, M.H., New, J.C. & Patton, S. 2003. [Prevalence of endoparasitic infection in children and its relation with cholera prevention efforts in Mexico (in Spanish)]. Rev. Panam. Salud Publica 14: 31-41.

Ferreira, P., Lima, M.R., Oliveira, F.B., Pereira, M.L.M., Ramos, L.B.M., Marçal, M. de G. & Costa-Cruz, J.M. (2003) [Occurrence of intestinal parasites and commensal organisms among schoolchildren living in a landless farm workers settlement in Campo Florido, Minas Gerais, Brazil (in Portuguese)]. Rev. Soc. Brasil. Med. Trop., 36: 109-111.

Fisher, O., Siman-Tov, R. & Ankri, S. (2004) Characterization of cytosine methylated regions and 5-cytosine DNA methyltransferase (Ehmeth) in the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Nucleic Acids Res., 32: 287-297.

Fontes, G., Oliveira, K.K.L., Oliveira, A.K.L. & Rocha, E.M.M. da (2003) [Influence of specific treatment of intestinal parasites and schistosomiasis on prevalence in students in Barra de Santo Antônio, AL (in Portuguese)]. Rev. Soc. Brasil. Med. Trop., 36: 625-628.

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Gál, J., Mándoki, M., Jakab, C., Sós, E. & Marosán, M. (2003) [Entamoebosis in green iguana (Iguana iguana) (in Hungarian)]. Magyar Állatorvosok Lapja, 125: 422-424.

Gendrel, D. (2003) [Parasitic diarrhea in children (in French)]. Arch. Pediatr. 10 Suppl 5: 557s-562s.

Gendrel, D. (2003) [Parasitic diarrhea in eutrophic and malnourished children (in French)]. Med. Trop. (Mars) 63: 442-844.

Ghosh, S., Chan, J.M., Lea, C.R., Meints, G.A., Lewis, J.C., Tovian, Z.S., Flessner, R.M., Loftus, T.C., Bruchhaus, I., Kendrick, H., Croft, S.L., Kemp, R.G., Kobayashi, S., Nozaki, T. & Oldfield, E. (2004) Effects of bisphosphonates on the growth of Entamoeba histolytica and Plasmodium species in vitro and in vivo. J. Med. Chem., 47: 175-187.

Ghosh, S., Satish, S., Tyagi, S., Bhattacharya, A. & Bhattacharya, S. (2003) Differential use of multiple replication origins in the ribosomal DNA episome of the protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Nucleic Acids Res., 31: 2035-2044.

Gilchrist, C.A., Leo, M., Line, C.G., Mann, B.J. & Petri, W.A. (2003) Calcium modulates promoter occupancy by the Entamoeba histolytica Ca2+-binding transcription factor URE3-BP. J. Biol. Chem. 278: 4646-4653.

Gomez, N.A., Cozzarelli, R., Fabre, E., Alvarez, L., Rojas, J., Arevalos, C., Vargas, P. & Zapatier, J.A. (2003) Amebic liver abscess in a neonate: Report of a case. J. Gastrointest. Surg. 7: 312.

Gonin, P. & Trudel, L. (2003) Detection and differentiation of Entamoeba histolytica and Entamoeba dispar isolates in clinical samples by PCR and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41: 237-241.

Guevara, Y., de Haro, I., Cabrera, M., García de la Torre, G. & Salazar-Schettino, P.M. (2003) [Enteroparasitoses in indigenous and mestizo individuals from the Nayarit mountain range, Mexico (in Spanish)]. Parasitol. Latinoamer., 58: 30-34.

Guimarães, A.M., Alves, E.G.L., Figueiredo, H.C.P., Costa, G.M. da & Rodrigues, L. de S. (2003) [Frequency of intestinal parasites in samples of commercial lettuce (Lactuca sativa ) in Lavras, Minas Gerais State (in Portuguese)]. Rev. Soc. Brasil. Med. Trop., 36: 621-623.

Gültekin, B., Zekiolu, A., Ek, R.O., Temocin, S. & Ertu, S. (2003) [Prevalence of intestinal parasites in children swimming in indoor swimming pools (in Turkish)]. Türk. Parazitol. Derg., 27: 207-210.

Gutsmann, T., Riekens, B., Bruhn, H., Wiese, A., Seydel, U. & Leippe, M. 2003. Interaction of amoebapores and NK-lysin with symmetric phospholipid and asymmetric lipopolysaccharide/phospholipid bilayers. Biochemistry 42: 9804-9812.

Haghighi, A., Kobayashi, S., Takeuchi, T., Thammapalerd, N. & Nozaki, T. 2003. Geographic diversity among genotypes of Entamoeba histolytica field isolates. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41: 3748-3756.

Haque, R., Huston, C.D., Hughes, M., Houpt, E. & Petri Jr, W.A. (2003) Amebiasis. N. Engl. J. Med., 348: 1565-1573.

Haque, R., Mondal, D., Kirkpatrick, B.D., Akther, S., Farr, B.M., Sack, R.B. & Petri Jr, W.A. (2003) Epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of acute diarrhea with emphasis on Entamoeba histolytica infections in preschool children in an urban slum of Dhaka, Bangladesh. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 69: 398-405.

Hasan, M., Islam, M.A., Siddiqua, S.S. & Shuvra, M.R. (2003) Colonic perforation due to necrotizing amoebic colitis. Mymensingh Med. J., 12: 61-63.

Hegab, M.H.A., Zamzam, S.M., Khater, N.M., Tawfeek, D.M. & Abdel-Rahman, H.M. (2003) Opportunistic intestinal parasites among children with chronic liver disease. J. Egypt. Soc. Parasitol., 33: 969-977.

Hooshyar, H., Rezaian, M. & Kazemi, B. (2003) Distribution and differential diagnosis of Entamoeba histolytica from Entamoeba dispar by the PCR-RFLP method in central Iran. Ann. Saudi Med., 23: 363-366.

Houpt, E., Barroso, L., Lockhart, L., Wright, R., Cramer, C., Lyerly, D. & Petri, W.A. (2004) Prevention of intestinal amebiasis by vaccination with the Entamoeba histolytica Gal/GalNac lectin. Vaccine, 22: 612-618.

Hughes, M.A., Haque, R. & Petri Jr., W.A. 2003. Amebiasis -Reply (Letter). N. Engl. J. Med. 349: 307-308.

Hughes, M.A., Lee, C.W., Holm, C.F., Ghosh, S., Mills, A., Lockhart,L.A.< style='mso-bookmark:A'>, Reed, S.L. & Mann, B.J. (2003) Identification of Entamoeba histolytica thiol-specific antioxidant as a GalNAc lectin-associated protein. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol., 127: 113-120.

Huston, C.D. (2004) Parasite and host contributions to the pathogenesis of amebic colitis. Trends Parasitol., 20: 23-26.

Huston, C.D., Boettner, D.R., Miller-Sims, V. & Petri Jr., W.A. (2003) Apoptotic killing and phagocytosis of host cells by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. Infect. Immun. 71: 964-972.

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Ishida, H., Inokuma, S., Murata, N., Hashimoto, D., Satoh, K. & Ohta, S. (2003) Fulminant amoebic colitis with perforation successfully treated by staged surgery: a case report. J. Gastroenterol. 38: 92-96.

Jackson, T.F.H.G. & Reddy, S.G. (2003) Entamoeba histolytica In International handbook of foodborne pathogens (Miliotis, M.D. & Bier, J.W. eds.), pp. 459-471. Marcel Dekker, New York.

Jarroll, E.L. & Sener, K. (2003) Potential drug targets in cyst-wall biosynthesis by intestinal protozoa. Drug Resist. Updat., 6: 239-246.

Katz, U., Bracha, R., Nuchamowitz, Y., Milstein, O. & Mirelman, D. (2003) Comparison between constitutive and inducible plasmid vectors used for gene expression in Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol., 128: 229-233.

Kesavan, R.B., Nashikar, P. & Sam, M. 2003. Amebic liver abscess. Infections in Medicine 20: 357A-358A.

Klokouzas, A., Shahi, S., Hladky, S.B., Barrand, M.A. & van Veen, H.W. 2003. ABC transporters and drug resistance in parasitic protozoa. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 22: 301-317.

Kopterides, P. 2003. Amebiasis (Letter). N. Engl. J. Med. 349: 307-308.

Krishnaiah, Y.S., Muzib, Y.I., Bhaskar, P., Satyanarayana, V. & Latha, K. (2003) Pharmacokinetic evaluation of guar gum-based colon-targeted drug delivery systems of tinidazole in healthy human volunteers. Drug Deliv., 10: 263-268.

Kumagai, M., Makioka, A., Takeuchi, T. & Nozaki, T. (2004) Molecular cloning and characterization of a protein farnesyltransferase from the enteric protozoan parasite Entamoeba histolytica. J. Biol. Chem., 279: 2316-2323.

Labruyère, E., Zimmer, C., Galy, V., Olivo-Marin, J.C. & Guillén, N. (2003) EhPAK, a member of the p21-activated kinase family, is involved in the control of Entamoeba histolytica migration and phagocytosis. J. Cell Sci. 116: 61-71.

Lage, H. 2003. ABC-transporters: Implications on drug resistance from microorganisms to human cancers. Int. J. Antimicrob. Agents 22: 188-199.

Lauwaet, T., Oliveira, M.J., Callewaert, B., De Bruyne, G., Saelens, X., Ankri, S., Vandenabeele, P., Mirelman, D., Mareel, M. & Leroy, A. 2003. Proteolysis of enteric cell villin by Entamoeba histolytica cysteine proteinases. J. Biol. Chem. 278: 22650-22656.

Li, H., Shen, S.M. & Hu, X.P. 2003. [A case report of infant amebic dysentery (in Chinese)]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi 21: 5.

Lohia, A. (2003) Midwifery and assisted reproduction in Dictyostelium and Entamoeba (Review). J. Biosci., 28: 139-140.

Lopez-Camarillo, C., Luna-Arias, J.P., Marchat, L.A. & Orozco, E. 2003. EhPgp5 mRNA stability is a regulatory event in the Entamoeba histolytica multidrug resistance phenotype. J. Biol. Chem. 278: 11273-11280.

Lopez-Monteon, A., Ramos-Ligonio, A., Perez-Castillo, L., Talamas-Rohana, P. & Rosales-Encina, J.L. (2003) Specific antibody immune response against the parasitic portion of a glutathione-S-transferase fusion protein. FASEB J., 17: 621-627.

López Nigro, M.M., Palermo, A.M., Mudry, M.D. & Carballo, M.A. (2003) Cytogenetic evaluation of two nitroimidazole derivatives. Toxicol. in vitro 17: 35-40.

Luna-Arias, J.P., Sanchez, T., Herrera-Aguirre, M.E., Chavez, P., Garrido, E. & Orozco, E. (2003) Purification of Entamoeba histolytica DNA containing organelles (EkhOs): a further characterization. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol., 50: 706-708.

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Majeed, S.K., Ghazanfar, A. & Ashraf, J. (2003) Caecal amoeboma simulating malignant neoplasia, ileocaecal tuberculosis and Crohn's disease. J. Coll. Phys. Surg. Pakistan, 13: 116-117.

Makioka, A., Kumagai, M., Kobayashi, S. & Takeuchi, T. (2003) Involvement of signaling through protein kinase C and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase in the excystation and metacystic development of Entamoeba invadens. Parasitol. Res., 91: 204-208.

Makkar, R.P., Sachdev, G.K. & Malhotra, V. 2003. Alcohol consumption, hepatic iron load and the risk of amoebic liver abscess: a case-control study. Intern. Med. 42: 644-649.

Manning-Cela R, Marquez, C., Franco E, Talamas-Rohana P, Meza I. (2003) BFA-sensitive and insensitive exocytic pathways in Entamoeba histolytica trophozoites: their relationship to pathogenesis. Cell. Microbiol., 5: 921-932.

Mansour-Ghanaei, F., Dehbashi, N., Yazdanparast, K. & Shafaghi, A. 2003. Efficacy of Saccharomyces boulardii with antibiotics in acute amoebiasis. World J. Gastroenterol. 9: 1832-1833.

Marcos, L., Maco, V., Terashima, A., Samalvides, F., Miranda, E. & Gotuzzo, E. (2003) [Intestinal parasitoses in rural and urban populations in Sandia, Department of Puno, Perú (in Spanish)]. Parasitol. Latinoamer., 58: 35-40.

Martin Ezquerro, A., Gonzalez Quijada, S., Duenas Gutierrez, C. & Grande Saez, C. (2004) [Indigenous amebic liver abscess. Presentation of a case (in Spanish)]. Rev. Clin. Esp., 204: 43-44.

McGarr, P.L., Madiba, T.E., Thomson, S.R. & Corr, P. (2003) Amoebic liver abscess: results of a conservative management policy. S. Afr. Med. J., 93: 132-136.

Mendoza, L., Orozco, E., Rodriguez, M.A., Garcia-Rivera, G., Sanchez, T., Garcia, E. & Gariglio, P. (2003) Ehp53, an Entamoeba histolytica protein, ancestor of the mammalian tumour suppressor p53. Microbiology, 149: 885-893.

Moncada, D.M., Kammanadiminti, S.J. & Chadee, K. 2003. Mucin and Toll-like receptors in host defense against intestinal parasites. Trends Parasitol. 19: 305-311.

Moncada, D., Keller, K. & Chadee, K. (2003) Entamoeba histolytica cysteine proteinases disrupt the polymeric structure of colonic mucin and alter its protective function. Infect. Immun. 71: 838-844.

Moreno, S.N. & Docampo, R. 2003. Calcium regulation in protozoan parasites. Curr. Opin. Microbiol. 6: 359-364.

Nakamura-Uchiyama, F., Hiromatsu, K., Ishiwata, K., Sakamoto, Y. & Nawa, Y. (2003) The current status of parasitic diseases in Japan. Intern. Med., 42: 222-236.

Nixon, J.E., Field, J., McArthur, A.G., Sogin, M.L., Yarlett, N., Loftus, B.J. & Samuelson, J. (2003) Iron-dependent hydrogenases of Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia: activity of the recombinant entamoebic enzyme and evidence for lateral gene transfer. Biol. Bull. 204: 1-9.

Nok, A.J. & Rivera, W. (2003) Characterization of sialidase from Entamoeba histolytica and possible pathogenic role in amebiasis. Parasitol. Res. 89: 302-307.

Obaid, A.K., Nussbaum, J., Ramos, H.C., Hoffman, A.L., Mobley, E. & Lopez Sr, R.R. (2003) An unusual presentation of hepatic amebiasis during the puerperium. J. Gastrointest. Surg. 7: 312.

Pai, H.H., Ko, Y.C. & Chen, E.R. 2003. Cockroaches (Periplaneta americana and Blattella germanica) as potential mechanical disseminators of Entamoeba histolytica. Acta Trop. 87: 355-359.

Pal, D.K. & Samanta, B. (2003) Vesico-uterine fistula. Trop. Doct., 33: 247.

Parija, S.C., Bhattacharya, S., Padhan, P. & Shivaprakash, M.R. (2003) Evaluation of formalin-acetone sedimentation in the concentration of stool for intestinal parasites. Trop. Doct., 33: 163-164.

Paugam, A., Bulteau, A.L., Dupouy-Camet, J., Creuzet, C. & Friguet, B. (2003) Characterization and role of protozoan parasite proteasomes. Trends Parasitol. 19: 55-59.

Petri, W.A. (2003) Therapy of intestinal protozoa. Trends Parasitol., 19: 523-526.

Pfaff, A.W., Kirch, A.K., Hoffmann, W.H., Banla, M., Schulz-Key, H., Geiger, S.M. & Soboslay, P.T. 2003. Regulatory effects of IL-12 and IL-18 on Onchocerca volvulus- and Entamoeba histolytica-specific cellular reactivity and cytokine profiles. Parasite Immunol. 25: 325-332.

Phadke, R.S. & Amarapurkar, A.D. (2003) Ruptured amoebic liver abscess with amoebic colitis. J. Hepatol. 38: 118.

Prazeres, G.M.P., Batista, J.O., de Souza, W., Bisch, P.M. & Weissmüller, G. 2003. Interaction between chondroitin-6-sulfate and Entamoeba histolytica as revealed by force spectroscopy. Exp. Parasitol. 104: 40-46.

Pujahari, A.K. & Singh, K.V. (2003) An unusual cause of gastric outlet obstruction: a case report. Trop. Gastroenterol., 24: 79-80.

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Que, X., Kim, S.-H., Sajid, M., Eckmann, L., Dinarello, C.A., McKerrow, J.H. & Reed, S.L. (2003) A surface amebic cysteine proteinase inactivates Interleukin-18. Infect. Immun. 71: 1274-1280.

Ravdin, J.I., Abd-Alla, M.D., Welles, S.L., Reddy, S. & Jackson, T.F.H.G. (2003) Intestinal antilectin immunoglobulin A antibody response and immunity to Entamoeba dispar infection following cure of amebic liver abscess. Infect. Immun., 71: 6899-6905.

Riahi, Y., Siman-Tov, R. & Ankri, S. (2004) Molecular cloning, expression and characterization of a serine proteinase inhibitor gene from Entamoeba histolytica. Mol. Biochem. Parasitol., 133: 153-162.

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Richter, J., Hatz, C. & Haussinger, D. 2003. Ultrasound in tropical and parasitic diseases. Lancet 362: 900-902.

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